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Reformed Presbyterians in Hymn-Singing Churches (John Allen Delivuk)

This is from “The Doctrine and History of Worship in the Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America,” from a thesis submitted in May 1982 for an STM at Concordia Seminary by John Allen Delivuk. This is the section “Reformed Presbyterians in Hymn-Singing Churches”, pp. 142-143.

Since Reformed Presbyterians believe that it is wrong to sing hymns and use instruments in worship, what do they do when worshipping in denominations where hymns and/or organs are used? This question was asked by Dr. J. G. Vos, a well-known editor and theologian among Reformed Presbyterians. Dr. Vos answered, “My practice is to remain silent under such circumstances.” To the credit of other Christians, Dr. Vos continues, “I often attend such churches, and find that where my convictions are known, they are usually respected by others.”[1] This would reflect the normal practice among Covenanters.

There is also the question of what ministers should do when leading worship in other denominations. In 1886 Synod recommended the following policy for ministers preaching in hymn-singing churches:

  1. That in all cases our ministers should use our own version of the Psalms, if possible, but use any good version when it is necessary.
  2. That in accordance with our received principle, that worship must be of divine appointment, our ministers cannot consistently give out hymns of human composition in religious worship.
  3. That ministers may preach the gospel where hymns and instrumental music are used, provided it is understood that they do not sanction the use of them, but they may not conduct the services or worship unless allowed to use the Scripture Psalms.[2]

The common practice of recent times when preaching in churches that use hymns and instruments is for the Reformed Presbyterian minister to ask one of the elders or deacons (depending on polity) to preside. This avoids the problem of seeming to approve hymns by announcing them. While the hymns are sung, the Reformed Presbyterian minister will remain silent.


[1] J. G. Vos, “Blue Banner Question Box,” Blue Banner Faith and Life 22 (April-June 1967):115.

[2] Minutes, 1886, p. 271.


How to fix a slow Acer Aspire w700 after upgrading to Windows 8.1

When I first got my Acer Aspire w700, it was a dream. It was by far the fastest computer I had ever owned. I was quite disappointed when I started having slowness after an upgrade to Windows 8.1. I tried many different options, guessing variously that there were problems with the Bluetooth drivers (after all, it was mainly a problem when I was on battery power and thus using my Bluetooth keyboard and mouse), Office 2013 (since it had the new smooth typing transitions), and power management.

I hope this post isn’t too redundant, but I know that various search times failed me time and time again before I determined the issue. Hopefully this post can help others find the solution more clearly than an answer buried in just the right support thread. I can’t guarantee this will fix your system, but it worked wonders in my scenario.

If you want to quickly identify if this is the same problem, see if the typing speed is significantly more delayed when the only change made is from being plugged in to being unplugged. If being unplugged changes the speed greatly, this is probably the issue.

1. Go to power options

Open power options by right clicking on the battery icon in the system tray and clicking power options. Alternately, go to the start screen and search for Power options.



2. Next to the current power option, which is probably Balanced, select Change Plan Settings

I am using the default option of the Balanced plan on both battery and AC. I recommend switching to this option if you have changed it. Normally, just click to change the plan settings.



3. Click Change advanced power settings

4. Disable Low Power Mode Setting
on battery

You then get the dialog box displayed. First expand Intel(R) Dynamic Platform & Thermal Framework Settings, then Low Power Mode Setting. Ensure that it is Disabled for both battery and plugged in.







5. Click OK to apply the new settings.

I can’t guarantee you will get as good of battery life with this setting. However, for me, after upgrading to Windows 8.1 on this computer, many activities became almost unbearably slow on battery power. I have not had any other repercussions from changing this setting. I hope that this helps some others who were likely as confounded as I was!